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Your First Time at the Gun Range

by Andy Rutledge 38 Comments
Your First Time at the Gun Range

I first published this article at my Gun Path blog. Republishing here as that site is no longer in use.

Your first time visiting a gun range can be a bit intimidating. Even if you’re an experienced marksman and hunter, a lack of familiarity with basic shooting-range etiquette can make your first experience there daunting. Well, I’d like to make it less daunting. In this article I’ll address a few of the unknowns first timers might worry about, as well as offer some advice on things every shooter must take into account when going to a gun range.

Note that most of this information is applicable to any gun range, but some is perhaps more specific to indoor ranges. Let context be your guide.

Inexperience doesn’t matter. Safety does.

Both the staff and the shooters at a gun range love to see beginners there; it warms the heart to see someone decide begin their firearms education or hone their skills. So don’t try and hide the fact that you’re inexperienced and ignorant of many gun-range conventions. Embrace and be open about your ignorance; it’s the surest way to endear yourself to the people there. Pretending you know things you do not will produce the opposite response.

On the other hand, they do care very much if you are unsafe or unaware of basic firearm safety. So the most pressing concern for a first timer to the gun range is a solid familiarity with basic gun safety and handling. So before you go to a gun range, you should either take a gun-safety class or seek some comprehensive safety instruction from an experienced friend. Then you should spend ample time practicing the physical conventions of safe firearm handling so that they become habitual. The fastest way to draw the ire and suspicion of people at a gun range is to display unsafe behavior and gun handling.

At check-in the staff will probably ask you…

Have you shot with us before?
Basically, they’re interested to know whether or not you’re familiar with their range and its specific rules. Since you’re not, you’ll likely be asked to read their rules. Do, and read them carefully. Then ask any questions you may yet have; that’s what this first step at check-in is all about.
What are you shooting today?
They’ll want to know if you’re shooting pistols or long guns (rifles and shotguns), for a couple of reasons. First, ranges often have separate bays for pistols and long guns, since long guns are usually louder and often require longer lanes and perhaps a different backstop. Also, if you’re shooting a rifle, they’ll often want to inspect your ammo. Because of this, if you’re shooting a rifle and using a magazine, don’t load your magazines before you get to the range since you’ll probably be asked to unload them all for an ammo inspection (so they can make sure you’re not shooting ammo they don’t allow).
Do you have eyes and ears?
They’re referring to eye and ear protection. Glasses or shooting glasses and either ear plugs or earmuffs (or both in combination!) are required at all times in an indoor shooting bay or around the outdoor range. Make sure you bring both or are prepared to purchase them there. Many smart shooters wear ear plugs with their earmuffs when at an indoor range.
Do you need any ammo today?
Most ranges sell ammo, so you can choose to bring your own or just pick it up there. Note, that many ranges have limits on how many boxes you can buy and/or when you can buy (some will sell you ammo only if you’re about to shoot, but not when you’re about to leave).
Do you need any extra targets?
Some ranges will give you one free target, but will have targets for sale, too. You can choose to bring your own or purchase targets there.

General Advice & Etiquette

The range safety officer (RSO) is your friend and is there to help
Don’t be afraid to ask the RSO for help or advice or general questions! You will have questions. Heck, I’m at the range a few times a week and I still have questions sometimes. Just speak up! Unanswered questions can compromise safety and enjoyment and the RSO wants to answer your questions; that’s one of the main reasons he or she is there.
Get a range bag.
It’s useful and efficient to bring your gun(s) and accessories to the range packed neatly in a durable bag of some sort. This might be a small sports duffel bag or it might be one made specifically as a range bag. Unless you’re shooting several guns of various types, it is unlikely that you’ll ever need anything more than something large enough for 1 to 2 pistols, eyes & ears, 2-5 boxes of ammo, a rag/towel, some masking tape, a multi tool, notepad, and a pen (I happen to use a shoulder bag made for a laptop computer). The style and brand of your bag doesn’t matter. What matters is that your guns are protected and the bag’s construction can bear the weight of your equipment.
Wear a ball cap.
When you’re in a shooting lane with a semi-auto pistol or rifle, your ejected brass will often bounce around a bit before hitting the ground. It is not uncommon for ejected brass to bounce into your face and if you’re not wearing a hat it can lodge between your eye protection and your face. Trust me when I say that you do not want this to happen, as that brass is extremely hot. The last thing anyone holding a ready-to-fire weapon needs is to convulse madly in an attempt to deal with a hot shell casing burning his/her cheek or eyeball. The bill of a hat keeps that from happening.
Trust me on this, as I speak from direct personal experience!

Shooting bench in a lane

Take your lane and hang your target.
Many first timers are unsure what to do once they step into the shooting bay, but it’s really pretty straightforward. Walk to your assigned lane, put down your stuff, hang your target and unpack your gun and ammo. You may quickly be approached by the range safety officer to ensure you know the basic rules—or share them if you don’t—but other than that you can just go about your business.
Unpack your gun, magazines, and ammo – but only 1 gun at a time, 1 box of ammo at a time.
Unless your range requires otherwise, don’t unpack several guns and lots of ammo and spread/stack them all over your shooting bench. That’s a messy and dangerous situation and just asks for weapons and/or ammo to get knocked onto the floor. Make a habit of having only the weapon you’re firing and the 1 box of ammo you’re using on your bench at any given time. keep the rest in your range bag(s) on the floor. Replenish individually as needed.
When your gun is on the bench, lock the slide open or, with a revolver, have the cylinder empty and open.
Most ranges will have this requirement in their rules, but it is a safe, smart, and reassuring practice to maintain regardless. A gun range is not a place for uncertainty. A gun resting on a bench is an uncertainty unless it is open for all to see that it is unloaded and/or disabled.
Keep your gun pointed downrange. Always.
Again, most ranges will have this as a requirement, but a firearm pointed in any direction other than downrange is, by definition, unsafe. Note that downrange means straight downrange and not up or down in the general direction of downrange (the range does not consider it safe that the floor or the ceiling is targeted by your muzzle). Failing to keep the muzzle of your loaded or unloaded weapon downrange is one of the surest ways to get yourself asked to leave the range.
Mostly, mind your own business and let others mind theirs.
No one will be watching you, except the RSO to ensure you are safe. So don’t worry about doing well or looking experienced for the rest of the people there. They’re doing their own thing.
Note that when a person puts on earplugs/earmuffs and steps into a walled shooting bay lane, s/he tends to descend into his/her own world. Just as when someone is driving alone in their car, they’re in what they consider to be a private space. This will be true for you and it is true for the others in the lanes nearby. It can be a delicate matter to invade that private space, even with a friendly message or request. If you have a request or question of one of the other shooters that you don’t know personally, it is usually best to ask the RSO to be your proxy.
Note that this admonition is not to say that the gun range is an unfriendly place. Quite the contrary, in fact. When folks are just standing around in the bay, conversations among strangers are commonplace. It just means that when someone is in a lane shooting, interruptions are not so innocuous as they might otherwise be.

an indoor gun range

Shooting Etiquette

Make sure you understand your range’s firing-rate rules.
Many ranges, indoor ranges especially, have maximum-rate-of-fire rules. A common standard is, “no faster than one shot per second.” Whatever the rule at your range, be sure you know what it is. If it’s not listed specifically in the range rules, ask the RSO.
Mind your ejected brass.
Semi-auto firearms eject their brass with each shot, typically to the right. While most range lanes have walls that block your brass from hitting nearby shooters, some lanes’ walls are positioned such that it is possible for you to stand too-far forward in the lane and eject your brass into the lane next to you. This is very annoying and even dangerous for the person in that lane, so be mindful of where your brass is going and how your position in your lane affects that.
Malfunctions happen.
Hopefully not on your first trip, but you will eventually experience a malfunction at the range. Before you go to a gun range, make sure you know how to deal with various types of malfunctions calmly, sensibly, and above all safely. Call your RSO to your bay if you have any question about the malfunction (but be sure not to compromise safety in doing so).
Load your magazines with only five rounds at a time.
Five is an arbitrary number, but it is a good idea for several reasons to make a habit of loading a specific, small amount of ammo in your magazines every time at the range. Firstly, keeping count on your rounds fired with a specific magazine can help in determining if you’ve had a malfunction. For instance, if you pull the trigger and it goes “click”—or—if it fires and the slide locks back, does that mean the gun is empty or does it indicate a misfire or failure to feed? Knowing your shots fired vs. your magazine round count helps you to be sure of what’s going on. Also, most ammo boxes (especially those for handguns) are configured in rows of five, so loading five rounds in your magazine is useful in managing your shot sequences for specific drills.
Clean up.
Shooting at the range necessarily means that brass gets strewn about on the floor. Your range will have a way of dealing with that, which may include you cleaning up your own brass or the RSO may do it for you. If you’re not sure which is the proper policy, ask. Or better yet, offer to clean up for yourself using the broom or squeegee that is in the shooting bay for that purpose. If you’re saving your brass (for reloads or resale), be sure to tell the RSO before you begin shooting. In any case, be sure to clean up your brass before you leave the range.

After Shooting

Record the number of rounds you fired.
It’s a good practice to keep an accurate count on the number of rounds you’ve put through a gun. This helps with maintenance schedules and when attempting to diagnose a functional problem. In the event you decide to sell your gun, potential buyers will want to know how many rounds the gun has fired in its lifetime. I recommend you keep detailed records for each of your guns.
Maybe let the barrel cool.
After you’ve put 50 to 300 rounds through your gun, the barrel is likely quite hot and you should wait before packing it away in your range bag. When you’re finished shooting, lock the slide or bolt back, place the gun on the bench, and chill for a bit. Maybe watch other shooters (discretely) or have a brief chat with the RSO or other shooters who are hanging about. After a few minutes, check the slide/barrel for temperature and when it’s not so hot as to melt/burn your gun rag/bag, wipe it down and pack it away.
Wipe down your gear.
Before you put them away, wipe down your magazines and gun with a rag or towel. They’ll have gunpowder residue on them and even though you’ll clean them later, you don’t want to pack dirty gear away in your bag.
Wash your hands and face with cold water.
After shooting, especially if you shot a pistol, your hands will have visible gun powder stains on them, but what’s not necessarily visible is that your hands, bare arms, and face will have gunpowder residue on them. If you’re done, hopefully before you leave the range, go and wash your hands and face in cold water to remove the residue.

I hope this helped

When you’ve internalized your gun-safety habits and have acquired the minimum equipment, don’t wait—go to the range! Go alone or go with a friend, but go…and have fun. Then maybe share here in the comments how things went.

Comments ( 38 )

  1. ReplyAlvin
    Thank, this was a very helpful article
    • Andy Rutledge
      Thanks Alvin. Glad you enjoyed it!
  2. ReplyShad Morris
    I have a friend that has never been to a shooting range, and I was curious about how you would help them out. It'sinteresting that you should decide what kind of gun you want to shoot before going. It would be nice to know if the range offers different bays for the gun you are shooting.
  3. ReplyAmos
    Very informative. Getting ready to make my first trip to an indoor range and was wondering what the protocol would be. I'm more at home on outdoor informal shooting areas with friends so this will definitely be a learning experience for me.You have provided a very easy to follow guide to lead me through my first time at the indoor world of shooting.
    • Andy Rutledge
      Thanks Amos. Glad you enjoyed the article and I hope you enjoy going to the indoor range. It's a different environment with some different conventions and more restrictions, but there's plenty of good training and fun to be had there.
  4. ReplyNickname ( required )
    thanks a bunch. I have a brand new 380 that has never been shot (had the gun for a year) I've been very apprehensive.
    • Andy Rutledge
      Glad you enjoyed the article, "Nick." I hope this information helps to ease your apprehension. Like I said in the article, folks at the range like when complete newbies come to shoot, and expertise is absolutlely no requirement. However, safety is, so just practice safe gun handling at home with your pistol unloaded and be sure to ask questions that you have while you're there. Have fun!
  5. ReplyStunner
    This is a fantastic article. Thanks for writing it. I will be visiting the range for the first time this weekend. Feeling pumped.
    • Andy Rutledge
      That's great, "Stunner." I hope you have a good, safe time. I hope to hear how things go!
  6. ReplyM. Carr
    Thank you for posting this very informative article. I am writing a novel and the main character has purchased a handgun for self defense. She's about to practice shooting it for the first time and your article has helped me understand what she might encounter.
  7. ReplyStevegh55
    My father-in-law, age 82, good health (coronary bypass years ago) would like to go with my son and me to the range. Do heart issues preclude one from range shooting?
    • Andy Rutledge
      Hi Steve, The range is a great place for family activities, but as to your question I'm sure I have no idea. I expect you should ask a medical professional.
  8. ReplyChristy
    Hi Andy, Thanks for this great "how to" article. I've only shot outdoors, including outdoor shooting ranges, never indoor. I'm really looking forward to not limiting myself anymore for fear of breaking the indoor range protocol or looking dumb. Since we've had so much rain lately in California, it'll be great to go shooting indoors and not have to wait for the sunny weather. I can't wait to get out there!
    • Andy Rutledge
      That's great, Christy. Glad you enjoyed the article and I hope you have a good, safe time indoors!
  9. ReplyAbe
    Very useful
  10. Replysig_p320
    Thanks for the advice!! I just got into shooting though I've shot before I just purchased my own gun so I was looking for the rules of bringing your own weapon to a range.
  11. ReplyNewb
    Thanks for this. In the process of purchasing first firearm and going to be spending some time at an indoor range with their rental guns to decide what to buy. Very intimidating at first visit but I just walked in and said "I'm interested and I know nothing" and the staff was great. Didn't shoot but looked at several. Next trip I'll get on the range, and now I at least know the difference between the green and the rough, so to speak...haha.
  12. ReplyTuri
    Hey I am from California i was wondering does my girlfriend need her gun safety certificate in order to shoot my firearms at a firing range ?
    • Andy Rutledge
      Hi Turi, I'm afraid I have no acquaintance with California gun laws, beyond an understanding that they are entirely tyrannical and unconstitutional.
  13. ReplyMissplaced Texan
    Hi there. As I'm not an american but often going to texas, I would like to know if there are gun ranges where I can rent a gun for the time at the range. Thanks in advance for your comments.
    • Andy Rutledge
      You can rent firearms at almost all indoor ranges and at some outdoor ranges. If you're in the Dallas area, visit .
  14. ReplyLynn
    thanks, very first range trip nervous but this helped....thanks
    • Andy Rutledge
      Glad it helped, Lynn. Have fun and be safe!
  15. ReplyRachel Lannister
    In the section about ear and eye protection, you mentioned you will probably want to get some of your own. My sister has been interested in shooting, as her boyfriend is really into it. I'll have to look around online for some good safety equipment, so that she can learn how to shoot as safe as possible.
  16. ReplyJim
    Andy, excellent summary....just what I was looking for. One more thing I was wondering about is how to use the automatic target mechanism if it's possible to describe. I have been to a range twice but both times was not required to operate this on my own. Are there specific buttons for the distance you want, e.g., 5, 7 or 10 yards and for returning the target for replacement of a new target? Thanks
  17. ReplyHarvey
    Thank, this is a very helpful post
  18. ReplyC. Knight
    This was very helpful. I am going to purchase a shotgun for home protection only but I want to be familiar enough with it that I won't be fumbling around if I ever need to use it. I'm a little intimidated about visiting a gun range as I'm almost 60 and not very knowledgeable about guns in general. Your information has helped though, thank you.
  19. ReplyDave
    This is very helpful! I have shot outdoors for years never indoors. I just bought a new handgun from a dealer with an indoor range. I also have an M-1 .30 cal carbine that due to build up of housing around here can no longer be fired outdoors here. I will be going to the range and have decided to simply tell them that I have no idea how to do anything (except stay safe) in an indoor range.
  20. ReplyTom
    Is there a time limit for using the shooting lane? Tom Malott
    • Andy Rutledge
      Tom, That depends on the specific range. At my local indoor range, the fee is good for the whole day. At most outdoor ranges, there is an hourly rate and/or memberships with hours-per-week limits. You'll have to check with your local range(s).
  21. Replylittlebit
    I really in joyed the information about the Gun Range and safety tips. I have only gone once and the RSO was really Surprised so was i. It was the first time I ever shot a riffel and a pistol. She said If I was deer hunting I would have got a Bulls eye every time. I was so proud of myself. I have been looking for a closer Place to home to go again. I really like it. I live in Edgerton, WI. You have any suggestions? I really like the indoor range.
  22. ReplyLady CM
    You may want to pack a mask to cover your nose and mouth too in your gun bag. I enjoy going to the gun range when they first open. When the gun range is full and the indoor range ventilation system is not the greatest you my have throat issues from all the gun powder in the air.
    • Andy Rutledge
      Don't go to that range. Go to well-run, safe ranges only.
  23. ReplyJon 064
    Thanks for all the information. Just purchased a sig p320 . Me and my wife are first timers and want to be sure we are safe and well informed in every way. Thx again and look forward to going to range. Very helpful..
  24. ReplyTaylor Bishop
    Thanks for these tips for going to a gun range. It's nice to know that you should read the rules of the gun range carefully. You mentioned to also ask any questions you may have and this seems like a great way to understand how to act at the range and what to expect.
  25. ReplyDave P
    I recently purchased a mossberg 590 shockwave for home defense. I am a brand new gun owner, in need of proper safety training and shooting experience. I called a range near me and was told “ can’t aim that gun so you can’t shoot it here”. It’s a tactical “firearm” with a short barrel and a raptor head grip. The owner told me that since it didn’t have a shoulder stock you can’t aim it. Is this a common sentiment at ranges?
    • Andy Rutledge
      Yes, Dave. Pretty much all ranges require that a firearm is aimed at a specific target. That means a target is up and the firearm is aimed at the target. The 590 Shockwave is a shoot-from-the-hip gun meant for close quarters. It can sort of be aimed, but shooting like that requires you do it just right or your shotgun will come back into your face. Also, it is very difficult to aim correctly since it has, at best, nothing more than a bead on the front. I must say that a Shockwave is a shockingly poor choice for a first firearm. Even experienced shooters have trouble with that one. I highly recommend finding a good semi-auto, striker-fired pistol.
  26. ReplyMillie Hue
    Thanks for helping me understand that wearing safety gears for the eyes and ears are important, so we should bring or buy one. With that in mind, I will tell my husband that we should buy some for the both of us before we even start the training. Actually, we are still looking for a training facility that we could trust. We just need to learn about this since we just wanted to add some skills that we can use in the future.

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